Prostate cancer is diagnosed based on levels of progression, which are referred to as Early, Locally Advanced and Advanced Stage.
Early stage prostate cancer describes cancerous cells that are contained within the prostate gland itself. About 50% of prostate cancers in the UK are found at this stage. Early stage prostate cancer is easily managed, often without treatment, and the five-year survival rate is almost 100%.
Locally advanced prostate cancer describes cancerous cells that are still confined within the prostate gland and its immediate surroundings but are determined to be at a high risk of progressing further, requiring treatment. About 34% of prostate cancers in the UK are found at this grade and the 5-year survival rate with the appropriate treatment is almost 100%.
Advanced prostate cancer describes cancer that has spread beyond the gland and its immediate surroundings into the pelvic lymph nodes and the bones. About 16% of prostate cancers in the UK are found at this level. Treatment is essential and is based upon managing progression rather than cure and the 5-year survival rate is about 30%.
Prostate cancer, when caught early, is easily treatable. This is why, nowadays, we try to diagnose men if possible when they have early stage prostate cancer, so that we can give them the best options for treatment at a point when it can be done with the fewest side effects.